(This important essay exposes modern ‘development’ as colonialism repackaged and ferociously applied via transnational corporations, compliant local elites and global institutions such as the World Bank and the IMF—all underwritten by the threat of military force.
It was published in The Ecologist Vol. 27 No. 2, March–April 1997. An extended version was published in 2001 as Chapter 1 of The Case Against the the Global Economy by Edward Goldsmith and Jerry Mander.)